Italian Wine

Italian Wine

Although vines had been cultivated from the wild Vitis vinifera grape for millennia, it wasn't until the Greek colonization that wine-making flourished. Viticulture was introduced into Sicily and southern Italy by the Mycenaean Greeks, and was well established when the extensive Greek colonization transpired around 800 BC. It was during the Roman defeat of the Carthaginians (acknowledged masters of wine-making) in the 2nd century BC that Italian wine production began to further flourish. Large-scale, slave-run plantations sprang up in many coastal areas and spread to such an extent that, in AD 92, emperor Domitian was forced to destroy a great number of vineyards in order to free up fertile land for food production.

During this time, viticulture outside of Italy was prohibited under Roman law. Exports to the provinces were reciprocated in exchange for more slaves, especially from Gaul where trade was intense, according to Pliny, due to the inhabitants being besotted with Italian wine, drinking it unmixed and without restraint. It was customary to mix wine with a good proportion of water which may otherwise have been unpalatable, making wine drinking a fundamental part of early Italian life.

As the laws on provincial viticulture were relaxed, vast vineyards began to flourish in the rest of Europe, especially Gaul (present day France) and Hispania. This coincided with the cultivation of new vines, like biturica (ancestor of the Cabernets). These vineyards became hugely successful, to the point that Italy ultimately became an import centre for provincial wines.

Depending on the vintage, modern Italy is the world's largest or second largest wine producer. In 2005, production was about 20% of the global total, second only to France, which produced 26%. In the same year, Italy's share in dollar value of table wine imports into the U.S. was 32%, Australia's was 24%, and France's was 20%. Along with Australia, Italy's market share has rapidly increased in recent years.

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  • Araldica Gavi la Luciana 75cl
    Gavi is one of those mysterious Italian wines that is made with one of those mysterious Italian grapes, the cortese. It's a white wine that comes from the Gavi region in a corner of Piedmont. Gavi wines are fresh, crisp and lightly aromatic from local Cortese grapes grown in the southeastern regions of Piedmont and popular in the nearby port of Genoa. This example is delicately balance..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Castellani Chianti 75cl
    Medium-bodied floral red with violets and cherry blossom bursting into bloom on the nose. The palate is fresh and racy with a fine weight of crisp red and black fruit, cinnamon spice and ripe, savoury tannins. - See more at: http://www.exelwines.co.uk/details/wine/italy/tuscany/stockcode-ittu0182b12x#sthash.RyUpJ41a.dpuf Medium-bodied floral red with violets and cherry blossom bursting into..
    £7.99 Ex Tax:£6.66
  • Cesari - Amarone della Valpolicella Classico doc 75cl
    This wine is produced from vineyards scattered throughout Italy’s historic Valpolicella Classico region in the towns of Negrar, Marano, Sant’Ambrogio, Fumane, and San Pietro in Cariano. The grapes are dried in plastic crates for three to four months and the wine then undergoes maceration on the skins followed by fermentation in stainless steel vats. It is aged for three years in Slavonian ..
    £33.99 Ex Tax:£28.32
  • Chianti Riserva Italian Red Wine 75cl 1489
    1489 Chianti Riserva, 100% Sangiovese, authentic food friendly Chianti with a rustic edge. Well balanced and made for food. Deep ruby red in colour with aromas of violets, wild cherries and subtle spice notes. ..
    £7.99 Ex Tax:£6.66
  • Conviviale Montepulciano d'Albruzzo, DOC, Italy 75cl
    Montepulciano is a red wine grape variety grown widely in central Italy, most notably its eastern Abruzzo, Marche and Molise regions. The variety was named after the Tuscan parish of Montepulciano, but, confusingly, is not used in the famous wines produced there .Globally appreciated for their soft flavors, strong color and gentle tannins, Montepulciano wines are typically best consume..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Conviviale Primitivo del Salento 13.5% 75cl
    A warm, richly flavoured red with aromas of plums, dried fruits and brown spices. On the palate it is generous with good concentration of ripe plum and black cherry fruit and hints of dried figs, liquorice and dark chocolate ..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Fiordaliso Pinot Grigio 75cl
    Pale colour  with fresh notes of green apple. A touch of  honeyed richness, fresh and  steely  character making it a  wonderful  aperitif and one of  the  best Pinot  grigios around.  This wine scored highly with Jane Macquitty in the Sunday Times appearing in her top 50 list. Clean and crisp, with a subtle hint of pear. Enjoy ..
    £6.99 Ex Tax:£5.82
  • Folonari Bardolino 75cl
    Ruby colour with vivid cherry red tints; bouquet of ripe grapes, with touches of wild cherries and violets; Dry, savoury, delicately fruity flavour with a slight aftertaste of almonds. Needed to chill it to make it alive. in the nose barnyardy and similar aromas to some Lambrusco rose. On the palate off-dry towards medium dry, low alcohol, light body, medium acidity, low tannin, very si..
    £6.99 Ex Tax:£5.82
  • Folonari Pinot Grigio 75cl
    This 100 Pinot Grigio comes from the Veneto region in Northeast Italy. Vinified in stainless steel, it offers a pale yellow color in the glass, along with a fragrant, fresh bouquet. Dry and crisp with an elegant background of green apples and a clean finish, the Folonari Pinot Grigio is the perfect pour of wine for special occasions, everyday get-togethers -- whenever you feel like treating you..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Folonari Soave 75cl
    Pale yellow colour; pronounced bouquet of wild flower, with a touch of honey and banana; dry, balanced with fruity flavours and a long delicate aftertaste. The Soave is a classic from Folonari and was recently rewarded a "Best Buy" from Wine and Spirits Magazine and called "a great party wine" and "easy to pair with all kinds of foods Pale straw Aolour; light citrus Aromas; cris..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Folonari Valpolicella 75cl
    Pale ruby red color. Fresh and fruity bouquet. Taste is light and refreshing, pleasantly fruity. Pair with red meat, pizza, pasta and antipasto.   ..
    £6.99 Ex Tax:£5.82
  • Light straw yellow, with a delicate lemony nose. In the mouth it is clean and well-balanced with hints of lemons, peaches and honey. A charming simple wine, ideal for fish, pasta dishes and white meat  or just drink it on its own. ..
    £5.99 Ex Tax:£4.99
  • Italia Pinot Grigio 75cl 2012
    The Italia Pinot Grigio tastes like a crisp apple just picked from the tree - it's English summer in a bottle. There is also a hint of melon in this Italian beauty. It's perfect with all sorts of food from Parma ham to prawn cocktail. Just one sip and any one will be smitten for that matter! ..
    £6.50 £6.99 Ex Tax:£5.42
  • La Battistina Gavi di Gavi Nuovo Quadro 75cl
    An enticing nose of white peach and acacia blossoms with just a hint of crystallised ginger. Fresh and light zesty citrus notes on the palate lift a textured well-rounded mouthfeel. Serve chilled as an aperitif or with seafood and fish dishes. ..
    £10.99 Ex Tax:£9.16
  • La gioiosa Brut 11% 75cl
    La Gioiosa - Villa Sandi  Brut CLASSIFICATION: Sparkling wine V.S.Brut. PRODUCTION AREA: Areas dedicated to vine-growing in the north-eastern regions of Italy with marly soils of alluvial origin rich in subsoil.   ..
    £8.99 Ex Tax:£7.49
  • La gioiosa Rosea Rose Brut 11% 75cl
    La Gioiosa - Villa Sandi Rosea - Rose’ Brut CLASSIFICATION: Sparkling wine V.S.Brut. PRODUCTION AREA: Areas dedicated to vine-growing in the north-eastern regions of Italy with marly soils of alluvial origin rich in subsoil. GRAPE VARIETY: The base wine cuvee is made from various white and red grape varieties. TRAINING:More or less extensive radiating or spind..
    £8.99 Ex Tax:£7.49
  • Orvieto Classico Libra 75cl 2010
    A clean, dry white with an elegant and fruity bouquet and a subtle nuttiness. A lightly honeyed apricot nose with a palate of considerable minerality, flavours of lime marmalade, nuts and a generous palate weight. ..
    £6.99 Ex Tax:£5.82
  • Patrizi Barolo 2008 is a red wine, made by Patrizi. Its origin is Barolo in Langhe, Piedmont, Italy. It is made from the Nebbiolo grape. It is produced from the 2008 harvest. Nicolao Manfredi ‘founded' the house in 1863 it was just to make his first wine, Dolcetto from the vineyards at Farigliano (just south of Barolo) beside the Tanaro river. He probably didn't envi..
    £19.99 Ex Tax:£16.66
  • Purato Catarratto Pinot Grigio, Sicily 75cl (Organic-wine) 13 %vol
    Purato Catarratto Pinot Grigio, Sicily 75cl (Organic-wine) May be one the best organic pinot grigio made from 100% organic catarratto and pinot grape, this wine offer the perfect expression of sicily. Purato Catarratto Pinot Grigio is Vegan friendly wine ..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Purato Nero D'Avola Organic Red Wine 70 cl 14 % Vol
    Purato Nero D'Avola Organic Red Wine From sicily. May be one the best organic red wine made from 100% organic  grape, this wine offer the perfect expression of sicily.  ..
    £6.99 Ex Tax:£5.82
  • Riva Leone Barbera Piemonte 75cl
    Riva Leone Barbera - Dark berry fruits with a core of fine tannins and the typical Barbera acidity makes these wines so perfect to accompany big hearty autumn meals. This red wine by the winemaker Cantine Palazzo is made in Piemonte (Piedmont), Italy, using the Barbera grape. The Riva Leone Barbera Piemonte has dark berry fruits with a core of fine tannins and the typical Barbera acidity th..
    £7.99 Ex Tax:£6.66
  • Sanvigilio Merlot 75cl
    Sanvigilio Merlot - This is a smooth medium bodied Merlot, with typical soft, plummy fruit with a hint of spice. A wonderfully good-value red with bright fruit and easy supple tannins. Sanvigilio Merlot - This is a smooth medium bodied Merlot, with typical soft, plummy fruit with a hint of spice. A wonderfully good-value red with bright fruit and easy supple tannins. Sanvigilio Merlot i..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Sanvigilio Pinot Grigio 75cl
    Sanvigilio Pinot Grigio - Pale straw yellow colour. Shows delicate, floral and fruity aromas on the nose. Crisp and fresh on the palate with a juicy citrus character and a hint of nuttiness. Cavit is a modern and forward-thinking co-operative group in the mountainous Trentino region of northeast Italy whose 11 cellars are responsible for a massive 60% of the region's wine production. &n..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41
  • Sanvigilio Pinot Grigio Blush 75cl
    A pale rusted rose colour. Delicately scented peachy, floral characters on the nose. Juicy, ripe berry fruit fill the palate with good acidity and an off dry finish.   ..
    £6.49 Ex Tax:£5.41